Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Starred Articles

UN report: India has the world's largest youth population
World > Youth Population >Nov 19
According to a United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) State of the World’s Population report, India has the largest youth population in the world with 356 million (28% of the total population) people under the age bracket of 10­35 years. China is a close second with 269 million people in the age bracket, followed by Indonesia (67 million), the US (65 million), Pakistan (59 million), Nigeria (57 million), Brazil (51 million) and
Bangladesh (48 million). The report also said that 9 out of 10 young people live in under­developed countries and with the right kind of investment for this important resource of youth, developing economies could see their economies soar to new highs.

ISRO wins Indira Gandhi prize
Awards > Indira Gandhi Prize 2014 >Nov 19
Indian Space Research Organisation has been awarded the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2014. It was successful in proving India's competence in the field of space technology by launching India's first Mars orbiter. It was also successful in bringing the capability of Indian Scientists at par with those of advanced nations from around the world.
ISRO’s contributions in strengthening international cooperation in the peaceful use of outer space and for the organisation’s role in addressing the needs of rural Indians in remote areas also played a vital role in helping it win this award.

Myanmar hosts 12th ASEAN - India Summit
India> ASEAN Summit >Nov 19
India and other ASEAN countries attended the 12th ASEAN-India Summit held in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. Those present in the Summit included President of Myanmar, Thein Sein, Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi and all Heads of State/ Government of ASEAN Member States. Two major agreements were signed during the summit: the Agreement on Trade in Services and the Agreement on Investment of the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and India.
India has been attending annual Summits with ASEAN since 2002. India became a full dialogue partner of ASEAN in 1996.

Lewis Hamilton wins World Championship
Sports > F1 Racing >Nov 23
British driver Lewis Hamilton has won his second Formula 1 world title after victory at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. Hamilton is only the fourth Briton to win more than one world title, joining Jim Clark, Graham Hill and Sir Jackie Stewart. He had entered the race with a 17-point lead over Rosberg and only needed to finish in the top two to win the championship.
Rosberg started from pole position and needed Hamilton to finish third to allow him to win what would have been his first title.
Brazilian driver Felipe Massa crossed the line in second place ahead of his Williams team-mate Valtteri Bottas.


Doha to host World Athletics Championships in 2019
Sports > World Athletics Championships >Nov 19
Doha will host the IAAF World Athletics Championships in 2019. It was chosen over the cities of Barcelona and Eugene. It was initially overlooked for the 2017 version of the event in favour of London. The event will be the edition is set to be organised in the newly modernised Khalifa stadium and will be held in the 17 the months of September and November to avoid the soaring heat of the desert in the prior months.The city previously hosted World Indoors Championships in the year 2012. The event started in 1983 will help improve Qatar's image as a sporting destination, after an alleged controversy surrounding the selection of the country by FIFA to host the 2022 world cup.

Oxford Dictionary's word of the year – 'Vape'
World > English Word of the Year >Nov 19
The word 'vape', which means the to inhale and exhale the vapour produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device, has become the latest word, after ‘selfie’ to be given a formal recognition in the Oxford Dictionary. The move comes as a reflection of the huge popularity of electronic­ cigarettes among the masses in recent years. The word can be used both as a verb and a noun. Another such word is, 'bae' a form of endearment.

Emergency software update issued by Microsoft
Technology > Software Security >Nov 19
After a security glitch affected domain privileges of all supported versions of Windows, Microsoft issued an emergency software to fix the issue. Due to the problem, a potential attacker could upgrade unprivileged domain user account privileges to those of a domain administrator account.

Banks keeping track of education loan takers through Facebook and Twitter
Corporate > Bank Education Loan >Nov 19
Banks have started using Facebook and Twitter to keep the defaulters of education loan in check. This will enable banks to send or post reminder messages to the students through such websites. This initiative was taken due to the popularity of Facebook in India. Banks can also keep track of education loan customers who have moved abroad. This initiative was taken because approximately 5 - 6 per cent of these loans turned bad. There is no set up of credit guarantee fund for education loans yet.

Assam zoo, first to house the critically endangered Pygmy Hog
India > Assam >Nov 19
Assam zoo in Guwahati is set to bring the critically endangered pig Pygmy Hog. With this, the zoo will become the first zoo to have this rare species. This decision was announced in third week of November 2014. The motive is to transform the zoo into captive breeding centre for critically endangered mammals. A simulated habitat has been created in the zoo by growing Barenge grass in order to conserve Pygmy Hogs.
Pygmy hog is the smallest and rarest of wild pigs available in Assam. At the brink of extinction, this species disappeared from its original range in India and Nepal.

Neel Mukherjee's novel 'The Lives of Others' shortlisted for British Literary prize
Award > British Literary prize 2014
The novel 'The Lives of Others' by Neel Mukherjee has been shortlisted for British Literary prize - The Costa Book Awards, under the category of a novel.
The plot revolves around a man's extremist political activism set in 1960s Bengal. The judges called it politically charged, ambitious and sometimes harsh in its portrayal of India. The shortlisted authors include 10 males and 10 females. The winner of The Costa Book awards will be announced in January 2015 and is set to receive £ 30,000 as the winning prize.

Yahoo replaces Google as default US Firefox search engine
Corporate > World >Nov 20
A deal between Yahoo Inc. and Firefox maker Mozilla Corp has resulted in Google being replaced by Yahoo as the default search option for the users of Firefox Web browser. Yahoo is expecting a boost in its flagging search market share from this deal. The financial terms of the deal have not been disclosed, but it is stated that this partnership is a revenue sharing agreement and includes certain “guarantees”.
A “share gain” for Yahoo is also expected from this deal. Yahoo has revamped the look of its search engine, for the Firefox partnership.

Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojna
India > Economy >Nov 20
Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojna was approved by the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister. Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojna has two major components, one is the facilitation of rostering of supply to agricultural and non-agricultural consumers in rural areas and other the transmission reforms including metering of distribution transformers / feeders in rural areas.
The implementation of the scheme requires a budgetary support of Rs.33,453 cr from government of India. The scheme aims to improve the electricity related crisis in the rural areas. Contracts for execution of products will be awarded by State Discoms/Power Departments after the projects have been sanctioned. This process shall commence immediately.

Biggest overseas project signed by China
Corporate > World >Nov 20
African country's coast to get a 1,402 km railway line as a result of the largest overseas contract signed by China and Nigeria. The estimated cost of the project is USD 12 billion. China Railway Construction Corp Ltd (CRCC) claims that this project is China's biggest overseas project till date. CRCC also said that the railway project will benefit both the countries. Moreover, the project is expected to create 200,000 local jobs.
The railway line consists of 22 stops stretching from Nigeria's economic capital Lagos in the west to Calabar in the east. Chinese state-owned enterprises have invested in Africa's infrastructure industries over the last decade. CRCC lost a major 3.7 billion contract of building a rail link in Mexico due to the country's issues regarding the nature of bidding process.

World Chess Championship: Carlsen retains title
Sports > Chess >Nov 23
Magnus Carlsen successfully defended his title as World Chess Champion. He defeated challenger Viswanathan Anand in Game 11 of a 12-game match to achieve the 6.5 points needed to claim victory.
Anand really went for it, attempting a dramatic sacrificial strategy when playing with the black pieces. It was a fitting end to a rematch of the 2013 WCC, when Carlsen ended Anand's 5-time reign as champion.

Ex-IAS officer Deepak Gupta named new UPSC chief
Politics and Government > UPSC >Nov 23
Former IAS officer Deepak Gupta has been appointed as the new chairman of UPSC. He is the younger brother of former Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta. As per convention, a UPSC chief is appointed from among the members of the Commission. It is for the first time that somebody from outside has been appointed as the UPSC chairperson.
The UPSC conducts the prestigious civil services examination to select IAS, IFS and IPS officers among others. The UPSC is headed by a chairman and 10 members.
Academician David R Syiemlieh, retd IFS officer Manbir Singh, former CBI Director Amar Pratap Singh, former Navy Vice Chief DK Dewan, ex-Railway Board Chairman Vinay Mittal, educationists P Kelimsungla and Hem Chandra Gupta, and former IAS officer Chhatar Singh are other members of the Commission.


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